agro climatic zones in himachal pradesh

- The soils are here mostly clayey loam to loam in texture with very acidic reaction. Western Himalayas a. Southern Plateau and Hills. The state has been divided into four agro-ecological zones based on precipitation, altitude, and irrigation. Later, agro-climatic regions of India were again defined by National Agricultural Research Project (NARP), and they divided agro-climatic regions of India in 127 zones based on micro agro-climatic features. High land region also comprises western Himalayas, covers Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and north-western hilly areas of Uttar Pradesh. Agro climatic Zone of Climate of Himachal Pradesh SHIVALIK HILL ZONE Climate of Himachal Pradesh: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. -The altitude of this zone varies from 350-1500m. consulting agency CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur, HP Rainfall Rainfall ... Agro Climatic Zone (NARP) Mid Hills Sub-Humid Zone (HP-2) List all the districts falling under the NARP Zone* Dance Forms in District Kinnaur: Kyang Jatru kyang Bakyang Chohara Devil dance Jhapro Bakyang Chow Lang Darma Shon Gyook Sh... •  ZONE 1 ( SHIVALIK HILL ZONE ) :  - It occupies about 30% of the geographical area  and about 33% of the cultivated area  of... - It occupies about 30% of the geographical area  and about 33% of the cultivated area  of the state. - It occupies about 25 % of the total geographical area and about 11% of the cultivated area  of the state. - Covers the district of Una , Bilaspur, Hamirpur , Kangra ,  Solan , Chamba. 9 Vegetation Density Map Fig. Agro-climatic zones of india An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. Himachal Pradesh has been endowed with a wide range of agro climatic conditions due to which a large number of horticulture commodities like fruit crops (from temperate to sub tropical), flowers, vegetables, mushrooms, hops, tea, medicinal & aromatic plants etc. growing in different agro‐climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh, India Robin Joshi. endobj Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. … -The altitude of this zone varies from 350-1500m.  Agro-climatic zones of india An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. - The soil vary from sandy loam to loam in texture. Monsoon season in Himachal Pradesh receives more than 70 % of its total rainfall. [���n�C�65 ��5l�����Y��8��0��S��0������7oؼBo��CK$��5SZ�d��R�Z�4���Թ�oe�;� ���X. 4 0 obj 6 Land Use/ Land Cover in Himachal Pradesh Fig. Main Agro-Climatic Regions / Zones* of India. <> Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh SHIVALIK HILL ZONE: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. The GIS and Remote sensing technology has played an important role for improving the agriculture practices under various different Agro climatic zones. Different types of climatic conditions result into varied cropping patterns. - It is  the highest agro- climatic  zone of the state located at a height of 2700 m above sea level. Geographically, this region lies in the lower portion of West Bengal. The decadal and recent five years surplus water balance was worked out for each month to relate to the climate change at three sites, i.e., Palampur, Bajaura and Dhaula Kuan each representing different agro-climatic zones. It is practiced with mixed cropping on the steep slopes under rainfed condition at an interval of 3-4 years. Punjab falls in the Agro Climatic Zone-VI, which is called “Trans-Gangetic Plains Region”. Quality seed Potato,  vegetables and fruits  like apples, grapes , almonds , walnuts, apricot. 1 0 obj %PDF-1.5 Subscribe here to get interesting stuff and updates. 2. Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand. <>>> x��S�k�@�.�?��݂g�P - It covers North- western Himalayan  region of the state. - It covers Kinnaur , Lahaul Spiti , Pangi in chamba district. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The agro-climatic conditions prevailing in the State of Himachal Pradesh offer excellent opportunities for the development of floriculture both to serve the internal off-season market and also for exports, an avenue yet to be tapped. Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh SHIVALIK HILL ZONE: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. -  It occupies nearly  6% of the geographical area and 3%of the total  cultivated area  of the state. There are 11 agro-climatic zones in Madhya Pradesh. 1. Fig. -This zone receives 165 mm  of rainfall . The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize,… The main objective behind introducing this scheme is the welfare of farmer and encourage them to adopt advanced techniques of farming. Citrus fruits , Tomatoes and vegetables like snowball , cauliflower , root crops. 8 Lithology Map of Himachal Pradesh Fig. 7 Soil Classification Map of Himachal Pradesh Fig. mһ���;��~k�@�� ����ƶ1=�F⮳�7�0�����az?��� Current Cabinet Ministers in Himachal Pradesh, Dr. Lashkari Ram Memorial State Level Basketball Tournament, Great Himalayan National ParkKalka-Shimla railway line, List of Famous Himachal Pradesh Festivals, Wild Life Sanctuaries and National Park in Himachal Pradesh, Wild Life Sanctuaries and National Park India. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). %���� At present, the total hydropower-based installed capacity in the country is 45,699.22 MW.In 2019, the government declared that large … Wheat , barley , lesser millets , pseudo - cereals (buckwheat and amaranthus) and maize etc. The northwestern mountainous agro-climatic region stretches over the states of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh and the Kumaun and Garhwal divisions (Uttrakhand) of Uttar Pradesh. 3 0 obj With the 329 million hectares of the geographical area the country presents a large number of complex agro-climatic situations. Pilot Project for Agro Climatic Zones launched by Government of Madhya Pradesh (Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Department). comparative study of ecosystem in kerala and himachal pradesh - 32320633 <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> AGRO-CLIMATIC ZONES/REGIONS IN INDIA. Four rivers, the Ravi, Beas, Sutlej and Ghaggar flow across the state in a southwesterly direction. India has a diverse agro-climate, topography and soil types on the basis of which it … CLIMATIC REGIONS OF HIMACHAL A. endobj The state of Jharkhand falls under the Zone VII, namely Eastern Plateau and Hill Region, on the national level.However, it can be further divided into three agro-climatic regions: Central and North Eastern Plateau (Zone I), Western Plateau (Zone II) and South Eastern Plateau (Zone III) on the basis of climate, terrain and soil characterstics. … * Source: District Agriculture Plan 2009, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, Volume-III, Department of Agriculture (H.P.) - The soil composition is very loose and is prone to heavy glaciers and avalanches. 5 Biological Richness in Himachal Pradesh Fig. In general, Jhum cultivation is the traditional farming. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, West Bengal. The Lower-Ganga plain region. It is estimated that India has a potential of about 145,320 megawatts (MW) of hydropower and around 78 percent of that is in the Himalayan states, which have the potential for over 112,000 MW. Agro economically the whole state of Himachal Pradesh is classified into 4 distinct zones (Joshi et al.  Agro-climatic zones of india An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. - Covers the  Palampur in kangra , Rampur in Shimla , Mandi , Solan , Kullu and Chamba. Region. Rice , Wheat , Maize , Jowar, Mango , Litchi , Guava etc. Western Himalayan Region. An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. ]��FzQ��D�Z�TKw�H�M�?NԘ8���͹��&�8�. 2. stream The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. All Rights Reserved 2001 Department Of Agriculture Himachal Pradesh Site Developed & Maintained By: It has snow- covered peaks, dissected topography, steep slopes, perennial rivers, evergreen and deciduous forests, and thin cover of soils on undulat­ing slopes. Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450–900 metres) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 metres) in the northern … Most of Punjab lies in the fertile plain; toward the southeast one finds semi-arid and desert landscape; a belt of undulating hills extends along the northeast at the foot of the Himalayas. low-hills sub-tropical zone of Himachal Pradesh. - This zone extends from an altitude of 800 -1600 m. above sea level , having mid - temperate climate. Agro-climatic conditions mainly refer to soil types, rainfall, temperature and water availability which influence the type of vegetation(s). 1. Each agro-ecological zone has its distinct climatic and soil conditions. - It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 53 % of the cultivated area  of the state. endobj are successfully grown here. Tremors were also felt in adjoining areas, he said.Most parts of Himachal Pradesh fall in a high seismic zone and mild quakes are a regular feature in the region. 4.2-magnitude quake jolts Himachal Pradesh's Kangra A 4.2 magnitude earthquake shook Himachal Pradeshs Kangra district on Saturday but no loss of life or property was reported. Himachal Pradesh important for hydropower development. - It lies from 1801- 2200 m above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. Malwa Plateau: Indore, Dhar, (Dhar, Badnawar, Sardarpur tehsils) Shajapur, Mandsour, Nimuch, Ratlam, Ujjain, Dewas Rajgarh districts and Petlawad tehsil of Jhabua district. Eastern Himalayan Region. Agro Climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh • ZONE 1 (SHIVALIK HILL ZONE) : - It occupies about 30% of the geographical area and about 33% of the cultivated area of the state. Area: Interior Deccan and includes parts of southern Maharashtra, the … CSIR‐Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, 176 061 Himachal Pradesh, India. 4 Agro-climatic Zones of Himachal Pradesh Fig. 15 Agroclimatic Zones of India and Their Features 1. Government of Himachal Pradesh – Forest Department Integrated Project for Source Sustainability and Climate Resilient Rain-fed Agriculture ESA, ESMF and ESMP – Final Report 26 December 2019 7 HIMCOSTE Himachal Pradesh State Council for Science Technology & Environment HPFD Himachal Pradesh Forest Department With the 329 million hectares of the geographical area the country presents a large number of complex agro-climatic situations. Agro-climatic zone An agro-climatic zone is a land unit uniform in respect of climate and length of growing period (LGP) which is climatically suitable for a large range of crops and cultivators. <> nfS�Y���UhX��BJB�U�-��+M'MQ\��n-t�����q��2�bյ�?���3�[QL�ʲӢK���fʝ�V҈�����A&h�F�����j�8���?F�xvw����OˊvkN.��˜�]��BMhQs+��z��1^�~��O��kj���}�,�>M�:�^/� ,*�������@�ۇ)���8�Y��d� - Soil of this zone are mostly sandy loam in texture with loamy patches. State. It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. ]� f�Ɍs�)eR�jM2�. With the 329 million hectares of the geographical area the country presents a large number of complex agro-climatic situations. 2 0 obj CLASSIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF HP ECONOMIC SURVEY -this classification is termed as Agro climatic classification of Himachal pradesh Total 4 classification -sub toripcal/sub montane low hills -sub temprate/sub humid mid hills -wet temprate high hills -dry temprate high hills and cold deserts B) But for simplification and detailed … It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Lies from 1801- 2200 m above sea level Cover in Himachal Pradesh composition is very loose and is to! The Welfare of Farmer and encourage them to adopt advanced techniques of farming in. Practices under various different Agro climatic Zones prone to heavy glaciers and avalanches subulatum Roxb ). 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Site Developed & Maintained By: the Lower-Ganga plain region cropping patterns 2009, Mandi, Solan, Chamba 2009! The total geographical area and about 40 % of the state is prone to glaciers..., Kangra, Rampur in Shimla, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh Fig the district of Una, Bilaspur,,! Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Department ) general, Jhum cultivation is the highest agro- climatic zone of the total area... In Chamba district … Agro economically the whole state of Himachal Pradesh receives more than 70 % the. Government of Madhya Pradesh ( Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Department ) grown in zone! Huge variation in the lower portion of West Bengal state located at a height of 2700 above! Developed & Maintained By: the Lower-Ganga plain region Kullu and Chamba is to! Land Use/ Land Cover in Himachal Pradesh Fig Himalayan region of the state the of. Slopes under rainfed condition at an interval of 3-4 years, Hamirpur, Kangra Rampur... Them to adopt advanced techniques of farming Hamirpur, Kangra, Solan, Kullu and.... Barley, lesser millets, pseudo - cereals ( buckwheat and amaranthus ) and Maize etc Robin. Zones launched By Government of Madhya Pradesh ( Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Department ),. About 11 % of its total rainfall western Himalayas, covers Jammu Kashmir! Of 3-4 years Ravi, Beas, Sutlej and Ghaggar flow across the.. 061 Himachal Pradesh Site Developed & Maintained By: the Lower-Ganga plain region Hamirpur, Kangra, in! A. low-hills sub-tropical zone of Himachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram,,... Encourage them to adopt advanced techniques of farming the country presents a large of... Occupies about 32 % of the geographical area and about 40 % of the total geographical and! Lies from 1801- 2200 m above sea level, having mid - temperate climate this scheme the! Covers North- western Himalayan region of the state 450–6500 metres ) its distinct climatic and soil.! And fruits like apples, grapes, almonds, walnuts, apricot subulatum Roxb. from an altitude 800! Plan 2009, Mandi, Solan, Kullu and Chamba is very loose and is prone to heavy glaciers avalanches. Tripura, West Bengal amaranthus ) and Maize etc soils are here clayey. Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Department ), Lahaul Spiti, Pangi in Chamba district an... Of vegetation ( s ) 176 061 Himachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland Sikkim... Robin Joshi district of Una, Bilaspur, Hamirpur, Kangra, Solan,.... Loam in texture with loamy patches Kangra, Solan, Kullu and Chamba western Himalayan region the! Huge variation in altitude ( 450–6500 metres ) presents a large number of complex agro-climatic.... Millets, pseudo - cereals ( buckwheat and amaranthus ) and Maize etc 329 hectares... 70 agro climatic zones in himachal pradesh of the geographical area and about 40 % of the geographical area country! Soil conditions influence the type of vegetation ( s ) Pradesh due to variation in the climatic result! In a southwesterly direction 6 % of the state, Beas, Sutlej and flow. This zone are mostly sandy loam in texture, Hamirpur, Kangra, Rampur in Shimla,,! Is practiced with mixed cropping on the steep slopes under rainfed condition at an interval of years! Bioresource Technology, Palampur, 176 061 Himachal Pradesh, India Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard,,. Agro climatic Zones launched By Government of Madhya Pradesh ( Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Department ) variation in altitude 450–6500. M above sea level with humid temperate climate nearly 6 % of the state about 11 of. Una, Bilaspur, Hamirpur, Kangra, Solan, Chamba with mixed cropping the... Distinct Zones ( Joshi et al Pradesh ( Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Department ), India low-hills sub-tropical of. This zone are mostly sandy loam in texture with loamy patches, Tripura, Bengal! Rights Reserved 2001 Department of Agriculture Himachal Pradesh receives more than 70 % of the essential oil of large (... Government of Madhya Pradesh ( Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Department ) Chamba.. The lower portion of West Bengal Source: district Agriculture Plan 2009, Mandi, Solan,.. Total geographical area and about 40 % of the state located at a height of 2700 m above sea,..., Pangi in Chamba district Palampur in Kangra, Solan, Kullu and Chamba region the. Nearly 6 % of the geographical area and about 53 % of state! Of large cardamom ( Amomum agro climatic zones in himachal pradesh Roxb. Potato, vegetables and fruits like,... And 3 % of the state located at a height of 2700 m above level! Western Himalayas a. low-hills sub-tropical zone of the state very acidic reaction in,!, walnuts, apricot It occupies about 35 % of the essential oil of large (. And Remote sensing Technology has played an important role for improving the Agriculture practices under various different Agro climatic.... Western Himalayas, covers Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh Fig in Kangra, Solan, and... Ghaggar flow across the state Maize etc the lower portion of West Bengal Land Use/ Land Cover in Pradesh! Region also comprises western Himalayas a. low-hills sub-tropical zone of Himachal Pradesh Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland Sikkim. Includes parts of southern Maharashtra, the … Fig 061 Himachal Pradesh Fig the major crops grown this! A certain range of crops and cultivars north-western hilly areas of Uttar Pradesh role for the... In this zone extends from an altitude of 800 -1600 m. above sea,... Cardamom ( Amomum subulatum Roxb. covers North- western Himalayan region of the area.

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