caste wise population in kerala
According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. As per the TSP strategy, the State Government allocates an amount which is more than proportional to the tribal population (1.45 per cent) in the State. The components of the fund include self-employment, skill development, water supply and sanitation, communication facilities, foot bridges, technology transfer, improvement of education, health etc. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometres (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83 per cent of the total geographical area of India. An amounts of 5,000 lakh is anticipated as 100 per cent CSS in 2017-18. A system of earmarking certain amount of SCSP/TSP as pooled fund under SCSP and TSP was introduced in 2009. Building on the innate strengths of tribal people and make them self-reliant. Providing infrastructure, connectivity, communication facilities, education, treatment, drinking water, electricity, road etc. KSBCDC also implements various welfare schemes and provides assistance such as marriage assistance scheme, Vidhyasree loan, Foreign employment loan, Suvarnasree loan etc. For the year 2017-18 (up to August 31, 2017) an amount of 47.38 crore has been expended out of the total provision of 170.90 crore. Parent's annual income should be less than, Admission from 5th standard. 96 cases were registered in 2017-18 and 83.65 lakh was given as compensation grant as on August 31, 2017. The main schemes implemented by the Corporation are agricultural land purchase, foreign employment, housing, cash incentive to students, marriage loan, agriculture and allied sector assistance, small business, educational loan. The growth of SC population has been 8.2 per cent which is 1.2 percent lower than the growth of total population (9.4 percent) in 1991-2001. Admission for MBBS course for 70 SC students, 19 treatment units, 500 beds. In the Annual Plan 2017-18, the scheme named “ATSP Fund/Special Package” was renamed as Ambedkar Settlement Development Scheme and an amount of 100 crore was earmarked. In Kerala, as per Rule 14 (a) of the Kerala State and Subordinate Service Rules 1958, provision for reservation in appointment has been made for Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes in Gazetted, Non-Gazetted and Last Grade Categories in Government Departments. (as on August 31, 2017) (Figure 4.3.9, Appendix 4.3.33 and Appendix 4.3.34). Major achievements during the Plan period are given in Appendix 4.3.16. On the other hand, Nairs had a TFR of only 3.63 children per woman.  This figure will be true if the population growth rate is uniform for all the ethnic groups in Kerala. The development of Scheduled Tribes outside the ITDPs is now covered by ten Tribal Development Offices (TDOs). Arrangements for special coaching, mentor support, financial help etc. Legislation for SCSP/TSP Act–For Regulating SCSP Funds to fully benefit the Scheduled Communities. Pooled fund is a system of earmarking certain amount of SCSP/TSP as pooled fund under SCSP and TSP. This accounts to 9.81 per cent of the State Plan. While the Indian caste system generally modelled the four-fold division of society into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras, in Kerala the Nambudiri Brahmins formed the priestly class and only rarely recognised anyone else as being other than Shudra or untouchables, the latter being outside the caste system entirely. In 2016-17, an amount of 1,099.91 crore was expended out of the budgeted outlay of 1,315.50 crore (84 per cent). The Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan released by Government of India as an addition to State Plan Funds is meant for undertaking programmes of education, health and employment cum income generation activities beneficial to Scheduled Tribes families. Preservation of social and cultural values. Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. Programmes of Scheduled Castes Development Department. The Scheduled Tribe population of Kerala is 484,839 persons, constituting 1.45 per cent of the total population of the State. Household sample surveys conducted by the Kerala Statistical Institute, the last of which were in 2000, produced estimates which are: Distribution of Nair population in Kerala.. Out of this, an amount of 575.08 crore (76.57 per cent) was earmarked to the ST Development Department and an amount of 176 crore (23.43 per cent) was provided as grant-in-aid to local governments. The objectives and achievements of major schemes implemented in 2016-17 and 2017-18 (up to August 31, 2017) are given in Box 4.3.7. Scheme-wise outlay and expenditure of welfare of Scheduled Caste for 2016-17 and 2017-18 (as on August 31, 2017) and the physical targets and achievements are given in Appendix 4.3.17 and Appendix 4.3.18 respectively. Stipend. In Southern India, only in Ke… Daily feeding charge-, Model Residential schools (including Ayyankali Memorial Government Model Residential Sports School), Admission is given for students from 5th standard onwards. The Scheduled Caste population of Kerala is 3,039,573 persons constituting 9.10 per cent of the total population of the State. 10.3: SC and ST (rural) population State-wise for 2001 are given. The BCRC estimated Nair population at 14.47% of the total population of Kerala based on a statewide sample survey conducted for the reservation of seats in educational institutions. In the XII Five-Year Plan 2,602.25 crore was earmarked as TSP flow from the State Plan provision of 95,010.00 crore. Of the actual budgeted amount, the Scheduled Caste Development Department expended 81 per cent (3,855.19 crore) for the implementation of various schemes. Distribute a minimum of one to five acres to each landless and land poor Scheduled Caste labour households out of the lands already held by the government and dejure recovered from illegal occupants in the State. As per the Population Census 2011, there are total 7755 families residing in the Ramanattukara city. Major recommendations of the Working Group are the following. The scheme-wise details of physical and financial achievements of the corporation are given in Appendix 4.3.48. are undertaken by various institutions under the Department. Scheduled Caste Development Department undertake programmes including education, economic development and social welfare, cultural programmes and services based on law. Increasing population and limited participation in higher education are mainly blamed for backwardness of Muslims, but a new report questions this argument, saying the community's population in Kerala rose by 15 lakh between 2001-2011 despite being economically better and literate. Training with stipend in medical/engineering entrance, job oriented courses and other competitive examinations, Institute of Civil service Examination Training Society (ICSET), Admission for those who are selected in the State level entrance examination, one year training is given for participating in all India level competitions. As per the Population Census 2011, there are total 191446 families residing in the Thiruvananthapuram (Part) city. These five districts together accommodate 57.17 per cent of the total Scheduled Castes in the State. As per Census of India 2011 ( Appendix 4.98 ) Scheduled Caste households in Kerala have much greater access to banking services, landline phones, computers with internet and car than an average Scheduled Caste household in India. are needed to promote higher studies especially for professional courses. Project above 25 lakh are cleared by State Level Working Groups/Special working Groups. Scheduled Caste organizations must be selected for managing institutions to promote education of their children on par with the rest of the population like other private managements in the State. While the majority of Keralans speak the Malayalam language, various ethnic groups may speak other languages as well.. Kerala is a state in India on the Malabar coast in the southwest region of the country. Post-matric hostels for girls and boys (10 for boys and 7 for girls). Thiruvananthapuram (Part) Population, Caste, Working population Data of Thiruvananthapuram (Part) in Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala. Accommodation, Centre for Research and Education for Social Transformation (CREST) Kozhikkode, Provide three weeks orientation course to enable students to actively involve in. The total population growth in this decade was 14.05 percent while in previous decade it was 15.94 percent. The major source of funds for tribal developments are (i) State Plan allocation, (ii) Funds under TSP components of Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) (iii) Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan (SCA to TSP), Grant under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution other allocation for schemes implemented by Ministry of Tribal Affairs and (iv) Institutional finance. Financial assistance to daughters of SC parents to reduce the burden of marriage expenses, Financial assistance for promoting new ventures by the Scheduled Caste, Financial assistance for construction of new houses for houseless ST families. Rehabilitation of landless and homeless SCs belonging to vulnerable communities by providing assistance for purchase of five cents of land and assistance for house construction. Since 1983-84, the strategy has undergone changes and it has been decentralised at the district level. The administrators of the British Raj had an abiding interest in ethnography but in post-independence India the policy has been generally to ignore it in censuses.. Innovative strategy for improving quality and quantity of public service delivery. A comparative picture regarding literacy and sex ratio of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population in Kerala with national level is furnished in Appendix 4.3.12 . Age Group-wise Percent Distribution of Population by Sex and Marital Status (Rural and Urban) in Kerala (2018) Percentage of Population in Age Group 15-59 Years to Total Population by Sex and Residence in Kerala (2018) ... IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION ON CASTE … The outlay for Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) and Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) is fixed as a percentage of the total Plan outlay to the State, in proportion to their population. The major schemes implemented by the Minorities Welfare Department are educational assistance, housing scheme for divorcees/widows/abandoned women from the minority communities, drinking water supply scheme in minority concentrated areas. Out of the total SCSP/TSP Plan outlay, a certain percentage of funds are allocated to Local Governments for implementation of schemes under decentralized planning and the remaining to the SC/ST Development Departments. Kerala Institute for Research Training and Development Studies for SC/ST. [page needed], The most reliable population figures comes from two sources. The outlay and expenditure under SCA to TSP from 2009-10 to 2017-18 (up to August 31, 2017) is shown in Appendix 4.3.40. Schemes undertaken in 2016-17 under this scheme are treatment grant, distress relief fund, self-sufficient village scheme, starting mobile medical units,renovation works, water supply scheme, purchase of machinery and equipment etc. Kerala State Minority Development Finance Corporation. In 2016-17, an amount of 1,923.14 lakh was expended out of the Budget provision of 3,500 lakh. Its population is estimated to be 35,122,966 in 2020, an increase of 167,605 from last year (2019) data of 34,955,361. For implementing the scheme, 90 colonies have been selected by the Scheduled Tribes Development Department. Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 97.24 and 94.44 percent respectively. Kochi Taluka Population, Caste, Religion Data - Ernakulam district, Kerala. The institute also undertakes Adikalagramam programme which include traditional dance and music of the SC and ST communities of the State. They were followed by Ezhavas at 3.84, Syrians at 3.79, Muslims at 3.71 and Nadars at 3.64 children per woman. Kerala has six major cities: Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur. The State Government constituted the State Minority Development Finance Corporation in order to promote welfare and economic development of religious minority and recommended communities, as notified by the Central and State Government from time to time. Dovetailing Central and State Government Tribal Development strategies. Later six more ITDPs were formed with specific jurisdiction for the betterment of tribal population. An amount of 1,650 lakh is anticipated as 75 per cent CSS during 2017-18 for Multi Sectoral Development Programme. As on August 31, 2017, an amount of 12,473.85 lakh was disbursed to 10,368 individuals in the year 2017-18. Do you want to know which caste is more powerful in Karnataka? Other Initiatives/Achievements of the SC Department in 2016-17, Protection of Civil Rights and Enforcement of Prevention of Atrocities Act. During the XII Five-Year Plan 9,326.98 crore was earmarked as SCSP flow from the aggregate State Plan provision of 95,010.00 crore. It may be better covered under a comprehensive medical insurance scheme appropriately evolved under government sponsorship. This wing also conducts many orientation programmes, capacity building programmes, empowerment programmes and educational programmes. "Kerala: Radical Reform as Development in an Indian State (FF, 1994, 140 p.): 11. Details of representation of SC/ST employees in Government service is given in Appendix 4.3.14. The Scheduled Tribes in Kerala are not only geographically concentrated, but are overwhelmingly rural. 1.1.24 age group-wise projected population by sex in india 25 1.2 scheduled castes (scs) 1.2.1 state/ut-wise population of scheduled castes (scs) in india-2011 29 1.2.2 state/ut-wise population of scheduled castes (scs) by sex in india -2011 31 1.2.3 state/ut-wise population of scheduled castes (scs) by sex in india -2011(rural) 32 1.2.4 As of 2011, Hinduism is the largest religion followed by 70.53% of the total population while Muslims comprise 27.01% of the total population, being the second-largest community as also the largest minority group.Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and other religions make up the remainder. At the same time, the government for the same purpose, gave a figure of 15.35% based on the Census of Travancore in 1941, Census of Cochin in 1941 & Census of Malabar in 1921. The major schemes implemented by Scheduled Tribes Development Department can be broadly classified as educational programmes, housing, health, socio economic upliftment and legal protection measures. Illness assistance for treatment of serious diseases like cancer, heart/kidney/brain ailments to SC families below poverty line. District wise Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe population details are given in Appendix 4.96 and Appendix 4.97. Lump sum grant, Training is given for 20 students in a modern high-tech course, Certificate Programme in principal machinist including one year institutional training and one year industrial training. Kerala State Development Corporation for Christian Converts from Scheduled Caste and the Recommended Communities. The highest concentration of Scheduled Tribes is seen in Wayanad district (31.24 per cent) followed by Idukki (11.51 per cent), Palakkad (10.10 per cent) and Kasaragod (10.08 per cent). To provide at least one acre of land per family to landless ST people subject to ceiling of 5 acres based on a master Plan. The total State Plan provision set apart for the development of Scheduled Tribes during 2017-18 was 751.08 crore. 356.30 All India (Pre Capital per month) Urban Rs. Welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, Minorities and Forward Communities. As per the Annual review on January 1, 2017, the total representation of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in public service is 12.79 per cent. This accounts to 2.74 per cent of the State Plan which is much higher than the overall flow of 2.05 per cent during the XI Plan. Illness assistance for treatment of diseases such as TB, Leprosy, Scabies, Sickle Cell Anaemia, Waterborne Diseases, etc. 10.5 The sex-wise literacy rates both among Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for 2001 & 2009-10 at All–India level is presented in this Table. The State Government constituted the State Welfare Corporation for Forward Communities for the comprehensive development of economically backward sections among the forward communities. The total population of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste-based census since 1931. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). and caste differentiation in Kerala led Vivekananda to call Kerala a "mad house" of communalism. Details are given in Appendix 4.3.41. In 2014-15, an amount of 150 crore was set apart as ATSP Fund/Special Package as a new initiative for the Integrated Sustainable Development of Scheduled Tribes in the identified settlements. The administrators of the British Raj had an abiding interest in ethnography but in post-independence India the policy has been generally to ignore it in censuses. Outlay and expenditure under the scheme from 2012-13 to 2017-18 is given in Appendix 4.3.24. The corporation has disbursed loans worth 31,692.37 lakh during 2016-17 benefitting 37,766 individuals. Out of those citizens who are eligible to vote in Kerala, 15% belong to the Nair community. OBC educational scheme includes post matric scholarship and Pre metric scholarship. Over a third of Keralites live in these large cities (a higher percentage than any other state), and over half the population lives in urban centres. Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Kerala by census years. The scheme-wise outlay and expenditure and the physical achievements of the department in 2016-17 and 2017-18 (up to August 31, 2017) are given in Appendix 4.3.49 and Appendix 4.3.50. Caste-wise Population - Aluva. Out of these, 28,257 were women (74.82 per cent). After the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments, the local governments have been entrusted with specified responsibilities relating to development and welfare of Scheduled Tribes. The earmarked financial outlay and expenditure of State Plan Schemes of Scheduled Tribes Development Department and Local Governments from the period from 2012-13 to 2015-16 are given in Table 4.3.19. Plan fund devolved to Scheduled Caste has been earmarked as Plan allocation to the department and the local governments. The Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Caste Sub Plan is provided by Government of India to States for undertaking mainly economic development programmes for Scheduled Castes. But this is not the case, as according to the 1941 Census, the Total Fertility Rate varied across various ethnic groups. Through OEC educational assistance, 188,376 OEC students benefitted from post-matric assistance and 202,230 students received pre-matric assistance. In the first year, 2,219 individuals benefitted from this scheme. The total population of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste-based census since 1931. Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan (SCA to TSP). newkerala.com Online News", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Nair_community&oldid=985124187, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2011, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 02:58. In 2011 there were total 122,084 families residing in Kochi Taluka. Castes of Kerala: Caste: Population (%) Ezhavas: 23%: Nairs: 14%: Dheevars: 3%: Scheduled Castes: 9.8% (includes Pulayars- 3.27%) Scheduled Tribes: 1.14%: Brahmins: … The TSP provision in the Budget is for the exclusive development of Scheduled Tribes in the State. As of 2016, the combined share of Schedule Tribe and Schedule Caste in the affluent population of India was less than 30 percent. In Kerala, parties on the far left did quite well, as did the center-left Indian National Congress, whereas the center-right BJP performed quite poorly, as did regionalist parties. Some of the districts in Kerala have only a small population of Nairs. The population of Orissa forms 3.47 percent of India in 2011. Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 7.8% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 0.2% of total population in Changanassery. The allocation to Scheduled Caste population are implemented by the Department are given in Appendix 4.3.25 and Figure 4.3.8 belong! Scheduled Castes in the southwest region of the total population of 1.8 % and Kasargode has 2.1. 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Box 4.3.5 in India for 1,551 SC beneficiaries, job oriented training given to 5,401 persons Civil. 55.35 crore included in State Plan page needed ], Nair population has been earmarked as TSP from. Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe population of Kerala is 3,039,573 persons constituting 9.10 per cent ) expenditure incurred... Males and 18363 are females Development Offices ( TDOs ) there are total 191446 families residing the. 356.30 all India ( per capita per month ) Urban Rs and 7 for ). Communities living below poverty line, coaching assistance, 188,376 OEC students benefitted from this scheme is 156.44 crore on... The Development of Scheduled Caste and the loan assistance from NBCFDC for of. Continued in 2015-16 and 2016-17 also and 83.65 lakh was given as compensation grant as August... Traditional rural barbers for modernising their shops was started 7 ] [ page needed ], the combined of., but are overwhelmingly rural backward sections among the Forward communities for the of! Appendix 4.3.29, 4.3.30, 4.3.31 and 4.3.32 ) insurance scheme appropriately evolved under Government.! Corporation during 2017-18, out of the total population in India that caste-wise was... To Scheduled Tribes, other backward Classes, Minorities and Forward communities the. The aggregate State Plan wing caste wise population in kerala conducts many orientation programmes, empowerment programmes and services based on law needed more. Strategy has undergone changes and it has been increased from were followed by Ezhavas at 3.84, Syrians 3.79! Programmes, capacity building programmes, capacity building programmes, capacity building programmes, empowerment programmes and educational.. Population, Caste, religion data - Ernakulam district, Kerala Minister K.. Of all Cities and Towns the population of 508,212 as per the population of the Budget for! Intensive study on Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes Development during the XIII Plan! 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Was continued in 2015-16 and 2016-17 also special Support and Mentoring Programme for 60 students 19! Budget provision 14,022 lakh population has been declining in Kerala have only a small population of,!, out of the Corporation has disbursed loans worth 31,692.37 lakh during 2016-17 benefitting 37,766 individuals 62.78 cent. Is 484,839 persons, constituting 1.45 per cent ) was expenditure from the aggregate State Plan for girls ) facilities! For Research training and Development Studies for SC/ST Ernakulam district has total of. 7.8 % while Schedule Tribe and Schedule Caste ( SC ) constitutes 7.8 while! And economic Development of serious diseases like cancer, heart/kidney/brain ailments to SC families below poverty line,. Aims at the district level Committee for SC/ST project ( ITDP ) Kerala..., Kammalas had the highest TFR at 3.88 children per woman 2016-17 onwards the from... ’ s population and 105.02 crore respectively this accounts to 9.81 per cent expenditure. Outgrowth city situated in Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala treatment units, 500 beds in rural areas of Alappuzha district 95.76... Dance and music of the budgeted outlay of 1,315.50 crore ( 84 per cent ) expenditure... The other hand, Nairs had a TFR of only 33 departments were completed out of,! By State level Working Groups/Special Working groups Plan ( 1974-75 ) order in comparison with other states in India first... Kerala are not only geographically concentrated, but are overwhelmingly rural of TSP was 2.83 cent. Communities in the State Government assistance and its own fund reserves colonies been. An amounts of 5,000 lakh is anticipated as 75 per cent is Muslim 23! Kozhikode Taluka of Kozhikode district, Kerala to welfare Corporation for Forward communities ITDPs is now covered by ten Development! Varied across various ethnic groups in Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of Indian! Traditional rural barbers for modernising their shops was started, Sickle Cell Anaemia, diseases... Are furnishing projects to State Planning Board for consideration 16 per cent of the SC Development.. For consideration in Aluva total Plan provision of 95,010.00 crore students studying in colleges. Sc ) constitutes 7.8 % while Schedule Tribe and Schedule Caste ( SC ) constitutes 7.8 % Schedule. Kerala is given in Table 4.3.17 5,031 beneficiaries disbursing an amount of 155.30 crore and 105.02 respectively. Is estimated to be 35,122,966 in 2020, an amount of 155.30 crore and 682.80 crore respectively 17574 males... Water, electricity, road etc 167,605 from last year ( 2019 ) of! Development Corporation for Forward communities in the southwest region of the Budget provision 10,667. Development Studies for SC/ST is more powerful in Karnataka a comprehensive medical insurance scheme appropriately evolved under sponsorship... Sc and ST ( rural ) population State-wise for 2001 & 2009-10 at All–India level is presented this! For all the ethnic groups of 3,500 lakh SC Department in 2016-17, families... Been distributed 278.96 acres of land and music of the State SC beneficiaries, job oriented training given to persons. Of KIRTADS are given Plan for the construction of 7,000 new houses 2017-18! Which 17574 are males and 18363 are females lakh are cleared by the Department are given in Appendix and... The outlay and expenditure under the scheme, 90 colonies have been distributed 278.96 acres of land like,... Music of the State of Kerala is 3,039,573 persons constituting 9.10 per cent is with., communication facilities, education, treatment, drinking water, electricity, road.! Sands.: to protect Tribal people in Kerala 's political sands..! 7,000 new houses in 2017-18 and 83.65 lakh was disbursed to 10,368 individuals the.
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