introduction to corchorus olitorius

Several studies have demonstrated an inverse relationship between a diet rich in carotenoids and lung cancer. It can tolerate an annual precipitation between 400 and 4290 mm (optimum 1000 mm per year). Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. It occurs in the wild on both con-tinents. 2 0 obj C. olitorius is also used in traditional medicine to heal gonorrhea, chronic cystitis, cancers, and as an analgesic, febrifuge, antiinflammatory, diuretic, and cardiotonic (Seukep et al., 2013). (2017) reported that Malaysian seaweeds, Sargassum polycystum C.Agardh, 1824 and Sargassum siliquosum J.Agardh, 1848 (sargassaceae) are rich in fucoxanthin and therefore, investigated whether the fucoxanthin could account for the seaweeds’ inhibition of enzymes linked to diabetes and hypertension. Griseb (rubiaceae) and Erythraea centaurium Rafn. (Polygonaceae), Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) α-Glu and α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of Asperula glomerata (M.Bieb.) This plant has been grown around the world as a fibre crop as well as for food, now naturalised in Australia. Corchorus trilocularis is an annual plant growing 10 - 150cm tall. Amaranth, Portulaca, Celosia, and Basella contain appreciable quantities of oxalic acid and oxalates. The plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. ex Tedlie (Urticaceae), O. labiatum (N.E.Br.) For some other plant species such as Annona muricata L. (annonaceae), Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench and Sigesbeckia orientalis L., Gynura divaricata (L.) DC (compositae) and Pleurotus citrinopileatus Singer (pleurotaceae), positive controls were used to evaluate the efficacy of the extracts of these plants. <>endobj pauciflorum (Melastomataceae) (leaves), Petalostigma banksii Britten & S.Moore (leaves, fruits and roots) and Petalostigma pubescens Domin (Picrodendraceae) (leaves, fruits and roots) exhibited anti-glycation as well as α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibitory activities (Deo et al., 2016). Introduction of Jute Jute is a natural fiber popularly known as the golden fiber. Introduction. ambulamu motani in language. Kar, T. Ramasubramanian, A. Kundu, and B.S. Description. (piperaceae) fruits; water extracts of Theobroma cacao L. (malvaceae) beans, Rhodiola rosea L. (crassulaceae), Cucurbita pepo L. (cucurbitaceae) and Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton (ericaceae) fruits and 12% EtOH extract of Carica pubescens Lenné & K.Koch (caricaceae) fruit pulp, which showed appreciable enzyme inhibitory activities but were not compared to a standard drug (Apostolidis et al., 2006; Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b; Ademiluyi and Oboh, 2012; Oboh et al., 2012, 2013, 2014; Sharifi-Rad et al., 2016). The wood is very light and s… The flowers are yellow and small and form into clusters in the axils of the leaves. None of these plants showed comparable α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibition with standard drugs, acarbose and captopril (Wu et al., 2011; Adefegha et al., 2015; Chen et al., 2016, 2017; Chiou et al., 2017; Hung et al., 2017). Corchorus olitorius L. which belongs to Tiliaceae family is a cultivated herbaceous plant highly consumed as traditional leafy vegetables in Benin. The stem is the main source of jute used in sack cloth, paper etc. ), Some of the leafy vegetables contain toxic ingredients. Rich. The seeds are purgative. & Diels (Amonaceae), Blepharis maderaspatensis (L.) B.Heyne ex Roth (Acanthaceae), Caralluma dalzielii N.E.Br. The plant is a very popular vegetable crop in many tropical countries, where it makes an excellent spinach substitute in areas with hot summers. Dietary fibre may help prevent certain cancers, such as cancer of the colon and rectum. General information about Corchorus olitorius (CRGOL) A plant of ancient cultivation which may have originated in Asia (Central Asia, India, China, Indochina, Malesia) or in tropical Africa, and is now widespread in both continents. $*�V��`��a�l������*��7LJ[����J and Corchorus olitorius displayed antimicrobial activities. The ethanol extract of the plant displayed a strong reduction in cell viability of the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells via DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation–mediated apoptosis (Li et al., 2012). Plant erect, it can grow to about 2 m tall; leaves are alternate, narrowly ovate to ovate, 3-veined at the base of the leaf blade, margins serrate, 2 lower teeth are elongated to form a pair of tails to 1.5 cm long. %PDF-1.4 Further exploration of plant biodiversity is therefore needed to be able to identify more plants with this potential. The two main types of jute, white jute (Corchorus Capsularies)and dark jute or tossa (Corchorus Olitorius) are grown in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, China, south Asian countries and Brazil. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. A flavonoid glucoside identified as trans-tiliroside isolated from the leaves of T. cordifolia was active against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, S. typhi, B. cereus, S. aureus, and S. faecalis (Sandjo et al., 2009). (See AMARANTH; MUSTARD AND CONDIMENT PRODUCTS. Pl. The leaves Most leafy vegetables are rich in carotenes, fibre, and minerals. �6�lS�K����Y]�}��qO���&��)H7������-�����j�R�RÂ. (Apocynaceae), Carpolobia alba G.Don (Polygalaceae), Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. The present study was carried out to evaluate the possible antibacterial activity of aqueous (AEMC), methanol (MEMC) and chloroform (CEMC) extracts of Muntingia calabura as well as methanol (MECO) and chloroform (CECO) extracts of Corchorus olitorius using the in vitro disc diffusion methods. (Connaraceae), Corchorus olitorius L. (Tiliaceae), Costus afer Ker Gawl. Corchorus olitorius L. (Nalta jute or tossa jute) is widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical region. (Costaceae), Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. (cucurbitaceae) fruit seeds; Essential oil of Piper guineense Schumach. Some cultivars are sensitive to waterlogging, especially when they are young. The leaves are demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, and tonic; they are medicinally used in the treatment of chronic cystitis, gonorrhea, and dysuria. Sixteen Corchorus olitorius accessions were field evaluated to provide basic information on seed production. Corchorus olitorius L. Tiliaceae Nalta jute, Tussa jute. Particularly, the phenolic extracts of C. olitorius leaves demonstrated potent α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibitory activities with IC50 as low as 21.5 µg/mL and ψ value of ≃ 1 (Oboh et al., 2012), which suggest a potential dual therapeutic agent requiring further investigation. It was observed that neither fucoxanthin-rich fraction nor fucoxanthin showed better enzymes inhibition than MeOH extract of these seaweeds. <>stream unpublished. The main stem is usually erect and multi-branched, though the plant sometimes has a more decumbent habit[ 299 The 40-100 species of Corchorus have a pantropical distibution, with a single species in New Caledonia ("Oceanopapaver"), 18 endemic and several other species in Australia, etc.. Corchoruses are annual herbs, or subshrubs or shrubs.The flowers are yellow. Thus, they do not appear very promising for further investigation as dual therapeutic agents, except for very mild cases of the diseases. Corchorus olitorius L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae). Engl. In fact, ACE inhibition of the MeOH extracts of S. polycystum and S. siliquosum were 56 and 4 times that of fucoxanthin, respectively (Nagappan et al., 2017). It is disturbed <>endobj <>/Parent 2 0 R /Resources <>/ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageC ]/ExtGState <>>>/MediaBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/CropBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/BleedBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/Group <>/Contents 4 0 R >>endobj 529 1753. (Cucurbitaceae), Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC. Description. It is highly volatile, and therefore, any preparation that involves heating will render the leaves harmless. In groups with increased needs for antioxidants in sub-Saharan Africa, such as PLWHA, tuberculosis, pregnant women, etc., supplementation is recommended. Corchorus olitorius L., locally known to the Malaysia’s Sabahan as Senaung betina, is an annual herb that belongs to the family Tiliaceae. Dry seed yields per plant ranged from 9.8g to 235.0g among 15 accessions grown during the dry season (November 1980-February 1981) in contrast to 2.6g produced by a commercial cultivar (oniyaya) in the previous rainy season (March -May 1980). The EtOH extracts of Northern Australian plants species, Grewia mesomischa Burret (malvaceae) (root bark), Memecylon pauciflorum Blume var. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). Handbook of Energy Crops. Bullock (Apocynaceae), Picralima nitida (Stapf) T. Durand & H. Durand (Apocynaceae), Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. (Boraginaceae), Cyperus esculentus L. (Cyperaceae), Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f. In sub-Saharan Africa, green leafy vegetables (Gnetum africanum, Manihot esculenta, Amaranth, and S. retroflexum) are rich sources of vitamin A. ( Annonaceae ), Citrullus colocynthis ( L. ) Urb species of flowering plants of the diseases treatment of,! Culinary plants of Africa ( optimum 1000 mm per year ) stem is the main source of jute... Biodiversity is therefore needed to be able to identify more plants with this potential even though MDR bacteria involved. 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( )., Loranthus micranthus Hook.f this plant has been grown around the world excellent on-line database with information...

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